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Il mercato nell’era della rivoluzione digitale

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In un articolo pubblicato su The Atlantic, Maya MacGuineas sostiene che la rivoluzione digitale abbia sì migliorato la vita umana sotto diversi aspetti, ma anche creato un mercato dannoso dal punto di vista sociale e troppo sbilanciato a vantaggio dei produttori; e tutto ciò, sostiene sempre l’autrice, per via di quella combinazione pericolosa tra ricerca ossessiva del profitto e utilizzo di strumenti tecnologici e algoritmi sempre più sofisticati, realizzati in maniera tale da creare una forte dipendenza nei consumatori.

An entire generation is losing faith in American capitalism. Widening inequality and declining mobility have led to an erosion of trust in the system. In a 2018 Gallup survey, only 45 percent of young adults said they supported capitalism. Fifty-one percent supported socialism.These numbers are stark, and so are the failures that underlie them, but history suggests that the failures can be addressed. Inequality has been high before, and American society found ways to reduce it; opportunity, too, can be widened by smart public choices. Fixing the system will not be easy, but we have the tools we need, if we can find the political will to use them.

Capitalism faces another threat, however, and it may prove more fundamental: Americans’ growing reliance on technologies—smartphones, social media, gaming consoles, shopping sites—that have become predatory and are quickly becoming more so. These gadgets and platforms have been integrated into nearly everything we do. Reaching for your phone to read a text, peruse your Instagram feed, or play a round of Candy Crush has become second nature, an involuntary response to even the shortest bout of boredom. This reliance—addiction is a better word for it—is undermining basic tenets of the American economic model.

Immagine da pxfuel.

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